Artemio Ricarte y Garcia (October 20, 1866 — July 31, 1945) was a Filipino general during the Philippine Revolution and the Philippine-American War. He is considered by the Armed Forces of the Philippines as the "Father of the Philippine Army". Ricarte is also notable for never having taken an oath of allegiance to the United States government, which occupied the Philippines from 1898 to 1946.
Ricarte was a Brigadier General in Aguinaldo's revolutionary army and was called "Vibora" by his fellow Katipuneros. After having been exiled several times for resisting allegiance to Spain, Ricarte was convinced by his wife to go to Japan were he stayed until the outbreak of World War II.
The stamp above was issued on March 22, 1984.